What is a postgraduate medical education in Canada?


Postgraduate medical education in Canada is one that is offered after you have graduated from medical school. Postgraduate training requires further clinical training and a higher level of education than what we receive in undergraduate medical education. The length of this training varies by the type of degree you hold and the medical specialty you choose to specialize in.
The Canadian medical education system consists of a medical school, residency training, and continuing education. Canadians can choose to attend an undergraduate medical program in Canada or study at a post-graduate institution outside Canada. Students studying abroad may also be eligible to apply for expedited Medical Licensing Boards (MLB) examinations upon completion of the program.

What is a postgraduate medical education in Canada?

A postgraduate medical education (PGME) is a formal academic program that leads to a doctorate degree. It may be offered on campus or online.
Postgraduate residency training programs are tailored for each specialty and can last from 1 to 3 years. During this time, you’ll complete rotations and other requirements in your chosen specialty. You will also have the opportunity to enhance your knowledge through clinical experiences, workshops, conferences, and research projects that are part of your PGME program.
When you complete a PGME program, you have met all the requirements to apply for licensure as a doctor of medicine (MD). This process involves three exams: the United States Medical Licensing Exam (USMLE), Canadian Medical License Exam (CME), and Professional Experience Questionnaire (PEQ).
Postgraduate medical education in Canada is a continuous process that begins with the completion of a residency program and ends with the successful completion of a doctoral degree.
There are two types of postgraduate medical education in Canada:
Residency training – which provides the knowledge and skills required for you to become an independent physician after completing your family medicine training program; and
Doctoral studies – which provide you with the ability to apply your knowledge and skills in research, teaching, or administration.
Postgraduate medical education in Canada is a long and rigorous process that involves several stages. The first stage after your undergraduate degree is called the residency training program. The residency training program involves four years of medical school, followed by three years of hospital residency training.
After completing your residency training, you move on to become a specialist or an internist. Your specialty will be determined by the medical board of each province and territory in Canada.
You will be required to complete additional training for your specialty and pass exams that prove that you have learned everything you need to know about your specialty and how to practice medicine in Canada. You will also be required to pass more exams when it comes to prescribing medications and performing surgeries on patients who are under your care as an internist or specialist.


Postgraduate medical education in Canada refers to the post-residency training offered to practice physicians who have graduated from medical school. The training provides these specialists with the skills and knowledge they need to provide the best care possible to their patients. For example, this includes evaluating patients and providing treatment recommendations.
To become a specialist in Canada, you need to obtain postgraduate training including four years of undergraduate as well as four years of postgraduate education. At the undergraduate level, you must complete a minimum of three to four years of residency training, depending on the specialization. Like Ph.D. students and residents, medical residents earn an annual salary in return for their clinical duties, which are often arduous and mentally demanding.

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